Diagnosis of an Omphalocele

In most cases, your OB/GYN can diagnose an omphalocele during a prenatal (pregnancy) ultrasound, usually around 20 weeks into the baby’s development. If not diagnosed before birth, a physical exam after birth will reveal an omphalocele. If your baby’s doctor diagnoses an omphalocele, your child may need additional tests, such as:

Treatments for an Omphalocele

If your baby has an omphalocele, they may need surgery depending on the size of the defect. If the omphalocele is small enough (as determined by the surgeon), they will have surgery soon after birth to place their organs back into their abdomen.

During this surgery, your baby will be under general anesthesia (fully asleep). Your baby’s surgeon begins by cutting the sac holding your baby’s organs outside of the body and removing any unhealthy tissue. Then, using an incision in the abdomen, the surgeon places the organs back inside your baby in the usual position. Once complete, the surgeon uses stitches to close the opening in your baby’s belly. A bandage will cover the stitches until the incision heals.

If the omphalocele is very large – called a “giant omphalocele” – it is treated with dressings with silver-based gauze that help thicken the outer, gel-like layer that protects the intestines. This process ultimately results in skin growth over the entire affected area. In this case, the surgeon may wait until 2 to 3 years of age to repair the omphalocele.

Before or after surgery, your baby may also need:

Babies who have a small omphalocele and no other congenital (present at birth) conditions typically do not have any long-term effects after recovering from surgery. Babies who have a larger omphalocele typically require ongoing care from a multidisciplinary team, especially when they also have other congenital conditions. Larger omphaloceles can affect the heart, the ability to feed, and growth and development for the long term. Therefore, it is important that babies with this condition receive ongoing care from an experienced pediatric care team.

After Surgery Care

Your baby’s care team will advise you of any specialized diet or feeding needs to follow for your baby after surgery.

Request an Appointment

Contact an Orlando Health doctor

If your OB/GYN suspects that your child may have an omphalocele, make an appointment with an Orlando Health pediatrician today so your child can start on the road to improved health.